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All posts tagged #debate

Samoan Circle

“The Samoan circle is a leaderless meeting intended to help negotiations in controversial issues. While there is no ‘leader’, a professional facilitator can welcome participants and explain the seating arrangements, rules, timelines and the process. As with the Fishbowl process, the Samoan circle has people seated in a circle within . . . Read more

No attendance, No Vote

Mondragón had some interesting strategies for maintaining member participation. For example, if a member doesn’t attend a general assembly meeting, they don’t get a vote at the next meeting. While this seems a bit harsh, proxy voting is allowed – one member can cast their own vote and up to . . . Read more


E-Prime (short for English-Prime, sometimes denoted É or E′) is a prescriptive version of the English language that excludes all forms of the verb to be. E-Prime does not allow the conjugations of to be—be, am, is, are, was, were, been, being— the archaic forms of to be (e.g. art, wast, wert), . . . Read more


In interpersonal communication, an I-message or I-statement is an assertion about the feelings, beliefs, values etc. of the person speaking, generally expressed as a sentence beginning with the word “I”, and is contrasted with a “you-message” or “you-statement”, which often begins with the word “you” and focuses on the person . . . Read more

NonViolent Communication

non-violent communication

Nonviolent Communication (abbreviated NVC, also called Compassionate Communication or Collaborative Communication) is a communication process developed by Marshall Rosenberg beginning in the 1960s. NVC often functions as a conflict resolution process. It focuses on three aspects of communication: self-empathy (defined as a deep and compassionate awareness of one’s own inner . . . Read more


This is an interactive whole group exercise that helps highlight the range of perspectives in a group. There is a tape on the floor with agree at one and disagree at the other: agree |—————–|—————–| disagree. The moderator asks a somewhat controversial question and directs participants to take a stand . . . Read more


In the ancient Nordic societies, things were community gatherings where issues and matters of concern were publicly discussed. Thinging entails the creation of “socio-material ‘collectives of humans and non-humans’ through whom matters of concern or controversies are handled” (Björgvisson et al 2012). Fabriken, a co-creative place from Malmo, is using . . . Read more

Talking Sticks / Talking Piece

“The talking stick, also called a speaker’s staff, is an instrument of aboriginal democracy also used by native americans groups. The talking stick may be passed around a group or used only by leaders as a symbol of their authority and right to speak in public. In a tribal council . . . Read more


RoleStorming is an evolution of Brainstorming, whereby you take on another identity. It was developed by Griggs (1985) and described by VanGundy (1988). Viewing problems and solutions from a different standpoint. Unusual ‘off the wall’ ideas may seem radical/’silly’ if ‘you’ present them, however, generated by a nameless person removes . . . Read more

Progressive Stack

A progressive stack is a technique used in some general assemblies in the Occupy movement, designed to ensure that people from marginalized groups get a chance to speak. It is sometimes an introduction to, or stepping stone to, consensus decide in which simple majorities have less power. The theory behind . . . Read more